When it comes to the project and its
realization, you should take into consideration lots of aspects. And the choice
of the technology stack is one of the crucial things that can define how
successful and smooth your project will be. Depending on the idea and
requirements of your application, site or product, you may find and select a
proper programming language (PL).
“Today there is a wide diversity of excellent PLs for different purposes. Anyway, the market changes constantly with new requirements appear to be satisfied, and the existing solutions are not as effective as wished it to be. Here we’ll check and overlook the new tendencies in the industry. Read our review of 5 emerging programming languages with all their strong features highlighted.”
Top 5 Emerging Languages
Elm is number one on
the charts not by chance but by its features and advantages. Being a follower
of functional programming and seeking for the language that can be transpiled
thus, it can be utilized with/without JS for building UI on the web. Besides
that, you’ll get the next benefits:
Functional, fast PL primary used for front-end coding.
Semantic version control is automatically enforced.
No runtime exceptions.
Powerful tools as elm-format to provide the capability to click “Save” in the text editor to make the code be beautified; elm-test(unit/fuzz testing); elm-css that guarantees the code compiles to a .css file to ease the sync between the app and stylesheets.
Kotlin is the
considered as a primary language for Android development. Nowadays 10+
JetBrains products utilize the statically typed programming language. So do NBC
Digital, Amex, and other well-known companies. Kotlin design aims are
conciseness, safety and absolute interoperability with Java. The main
Conciseness: to minimize boilerplate code.
Safety: the language compiler works extra hard to reduce NRE.
Versatile: Kotlin is suitable with web/desktop/mobile/server-side app development.
Interoperable with current Java codebase/libraries/frameworks.
Tool-enabled: to make the development more efficient, automated and productive.
Expressiveness and conventions.
The third place of our
top list is Rust. That PL is pretty popular among web developers, especially
when it comes to Mozilla Firefox. Rust’s main goals are safety, speed, and
concurrency. Here static typing plus control over memory, type inference and
other functional features, are combined with C-efficiency. If you’ve ever heard
about Rust then you definitely know what distinguishes the Rust among the other
programming languages. Besides that, its advantages are:
The borrow checker is the most characteristic feature
and a code-vetting tool of Rust. It keeps reading the code and continues
the compilation until the memory error can take place. Besides that, the
feature deflects data races utilizing the same ruleset.
Modular programming is supported by composition
over inheritance that allows a developer to define a type just by
Unsurpassed tooling that includes cross-platform APIs,
sane package manager that is bound to save dev’s time.
Elixir battles for the
developers’ happiness too. It’s the reason you see the name in our top. This
syntax-wise language copies Ruby much but also provides C-like advantages to
your coding. As of today, Elixir is chiefly utilized for developing web app by
means of either a fully-functional web app ecosystem Phoenix or a time-honoured
HTTP server Cowboy. Scalability, utility, sustainability are the targets Elixir
is designed for. There are lots of strong features to get though:
Stick data structures;
No spin-off effects;
Shared nothing concurrency;
Many companies like Pinterest successfully use Elixir for their products already.
“Slick as Ruby,
fast as C”. Yeah, it’s Crystal that is our number 5 of the top hoping
programming languages today. Entirely object-oriented, complied, statically
typed, etc. Yeah, it’s a few strong features of Crystal to mention. So, using
the PL for coding your project you’ll get the next unique features too:
Fibres that are used for achieving concurrency and making operations
Performance penalty? Boilerplate
code? Macros imply none of the problems;
Crystal command with
useful default tools is exploited to run test suites, compile, etc.;
Default code formatter;
Crystal play for fast
prototyping, in the way of irb;
Understanding, readability, and expressiveness make
it simple and fast to learn.
The requirements and
business needs change constantly. C++, Java, PHP, Ruby, Python, and other
programming languages used to be the breakthrough some time ago. These five and
some other PLs are expected to carve out a niche or capture the market soon. Anyway,
be sure of they will shape the industry pretty soon.
They offer faster
solutions of specific problems, needs, and tasks, simpler syntax, strong
typing, easier check or test, etc. It doesn’t mean that all the previous
languages will gradually become forgotten, at the very least for now, but these
programming languages have a promising future and give the company a
competitive edge in the market.